Magnesium Deficiency: Causes, Signs, Treatment

фото недостаток магния

Magnesium is an element vital to the human body. Taking part in most of the biochemical reactions of the organism, it supports the metabolism and cell division. Its existence guarantees constant synthesis of ATP, a universal source of energy, necessary for our existence.

Magnesium is a ubiquitous element that causes a direct effect on functions of all organs and systems.

  • Regulates the function of cardiovascular and nervous systems.
  • Normalizes the function of the gastrointestinal tract, liver and biliary tract.
  • Prevents stone formation in the urinary system.
  • Prevents the development of atherosclerosis.
  • Provides necessary calcium absorption of calcium, vitamins of groups C, D and B.
  • Facilitates the timely removal of toxins from the body.

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It is because of magnesium that our bones are solid, and our tissue is capable of quick regeneration. It helps us to neutralize the negative effects of stress and to resist various diseases.

The important biological role of magnesium in our body has formed historically. That is why we acutely react to the slightest lack of this element, and its deficit can be the main reason for chronic disease development and pathologies.

Magnesium is responsible for more than 350 vital chemical reactions in our bodies1.

Magnesium Deficiency in Numbers

Today, the deficit of magnesium becomes more and more widespread. In Ukraine, lack of this microelement takes the leading spot along with iodine, calcium and zinc. A similar situation happens in Europe, Russia, China and other countries2.

Modern research proves that during the last century consumption of magnesium with food decreased three times.

  • The year 1900: 475 mg a day
  • Today: 175 mg a day2

A research conducted by a group of scientists in France proved that more than 70% of men and nearly 80% of women are magnesium-deficient in their daily rations3. According to the WHO, 75% of Americans consume way less than a necessary daily dose4.

This way, while the minimum recommended daily amount (RDA) 320-420 mg, we consume 150-200 mg at best. Moreover, many researchers suppose that RDA measurements are insufficient for solid health and disease prevention. According to their opinion, an adult needs to consume 500-750 mg of the microelement per day.

Lack of magnesium has a negative effect on your wellbeing. Without this mineral a proper function of heart, nervous and muscular systems, gastrointestinal tract and musculoskeletal system is impossible. Weariness, cramps, arrhythmia, insomnia are only a few of the symptoms.

Luckily, lately the level of awareness regarding magnesium deficiency and its consequences is rising. A favorable trend is emerging. For example, the government of Finland has established a national campaign of increasing the mineral intake with special supplements. As a result, mortality level due to heart failure dropped from 1st place in the world to 10th5.

So, every day the body of healthy men and women requires at least 300mg and 400 mg of magnesium respectively. With age and with increased stress these numbers should also rise. To support vital body functions our organism requires more magnesium. By missing this point, not only are we skip the replenishing, we also risk serious health problems.

«If your diet includes white bread, rice or white sugar in any amounts, there is a 100% guarantee that
your body lacks magnesium»

Dr. Mark Sircus

Dr. Carolyn Dean (University of California, US) has been studying the characteristics of magnesium and its influence on human organism for the last 15 years. In her last book “The Miracle of Magnesium” she cites the data from research that lead to a conclusion that lack of magnesium creates a risk of more than 20 diseases 6. They include hypertension, heart failure, thrombosis. migraine, cystitis, diabetes, osteoporosis, infertility, organism intoxication and other dangerous sicknesses. This is why it is extremely important to take note of your body state and upon noticing any symptoms of magnesium deficiency, act quickly to remove it.

Magnesium Deficiency Symptoms

Magnesium deficiency symptoms are familiar to everyone to some extent. The problem is that we do not connect them with the lack of vital element and write them off as general weariness or a chronic illness. As a result – magnesium deficiency that is not fixed and slowly chips off at our body functions.

Фото симптомов магниевого дефицита

Фото симптомов недостатка магния

The situation is complicated by the fact that it is difficult to identify a deficiency by laboratory methods. Blood test does not give a clear picture of the situation. The reason for this is that the body always supports the same level of magnesium in the blood. If it is decreasing, the body redistributes the element from internal organs, bones and soft tissue. This is why even while having stable blood tests results, there can still be a lack of magnesium in the tissues.

Recognizing symptoms of magnesium deficit is simple. Just pay attention to the following signs

On the Part of the Cardiovascular System:

  • stenocardia
  • excessively high or low blood pressure
  • occasional heart pains

On the Part of the Nervous System:

  • cramps
  • muscle spasms and pains
  • limb tremor
  • mouth and eye corner twitch
  • cold limbs
  • causeless goosebumps
  • insomnia
  • decreased performance
  • impaired memory and attention

On the Part of the General Wellbeing:

  • chronic exhaustion
  • fast fatigability
  • weakness
  • causeless dizziness and headaches
  • causeless irritability and anxiety
  • depression and apathy

Pathological Conditions:

  • causeless nausea, diarrhea, constipation and abdominal pains
  • joint pains that aggravate due to weather change
  • painful menstrual cycle
  • hair and nails fragility
  • bouts of sudden choking

At the same time, we are regularly exposed to negative factors that cause magnesium deficiency, thereby provoking the development of diseases.

The Main Causes of Magnesium Deficiency

  • A daily diet that contains minimal amounts of magnesium.
  • Eating foods rich in fats, proteins and sugar, which inhibit the absorption of magnesium.
  • Excessive passion for coffee and junk food.
  • Systemic administration of drugs – antibiotics, diuretics, cardiac, steroids, birth control, etc.
  • Excessive exercise, or, conversely, lack of exercise.
  • Regular stress.

«Magnesium is nothing more than a miracle mineral that allows you to cure a number of diseases, as well as to rejuvenate an aging body. It is necessary for more than 300 enzymatic reactions. The most important of them is obtaining energy by the cells of the body, maintaining the health of the brain and nervous system, as well as maintaining the health of teeth, bones and joints»

Barbara Burke

At the same time, the following sections of the population are in a special risk zone:

  • pregnant and lactating women
  • athletes
  • alcohol abusers
  • overweight men and women
  • patients with diseases of the musculoskeletal system
  • patients with endocrine and chronic diseases – pathologies of the heart, gastrointestinal tract, kidneys, liver, etc.
  • patients undergoing rehabilitation and recovery

The conclusion is that each of us, to one degree or another, has a magnesium deficiency, which is confirmed by statistics – more than 80% of the adult population of the planet experience a regular lack of a vital element. Fortunately, eliminating the magnesium “hunger” of the body can be done using simple and safe methods.

Magnesium Deficiency: Treatment Methods

Studies confirm that it is magnesium that is a key link in the treatment of many diseases. It is scientifically proven that a low level of the element is associated with a higher prevalence of hypertension, atherosclerosis, and diabetes. The addition of magnesium helps to get rid of insomnia and migraines, to restore energy and vitality. Therefore, prevention and replenishment of magnesium deficiency is the most important step on the road to well-being.

How to achieve this? After all, with food we take a negligible amount of the element. Obviously, to restore the correct mineral balance there’s no way around additional methods to overcome the deficit.

Let’s look at the most common methods for replenishing magnesium in the body and compare them in terms of effectiveness:

Method of Overcoming the Magnesium Deficit Effectiveness
 Regular consumption of foods rich in magnesium (bananas, bran, nuts, beans, herbs, etc.)  Low intestinal absorption of magnesium – elimination of deficiency by less than 50%
 Taking special pills and vitamins with magnesium  Low intestinal absorption of magnesium – elimination of deficiency by no more than 60%
 Intravenous injection of magnesium  The method is advisable only in case of emergency, for example, during the relief of a heart attack, when it is necessary to quickly increase the level of magnesium in the blood
 Drinking magnesium solution regularly  Effective in the treatment of cardiovascular and gastrointestinal diseases
 Transdermal method – topical use of magnesium (through the skin)  The universal and fastest method to eliminate magnesium deficiency – 100%

Obviously, the most appropriate and effective method of filling magnesium deficiency is topical. Specialists of Western Europe and the USA successfully use it for the treatment, rehabilitation and prevention of diseases associated with micronutrient deficiencies. And it is with its help that it is possible to overcome the magnesium deficiency faster, easier and safest.

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  2. Бекетова Г.В., Гнатенко Т.Н. Магний и здоровье детей: что нового? // Национальная медицинская академия последипломного образования имени П.Л. Шупика – Киев, – 2016. Т 4, № 4, С. 604 – 620.
  3. Galan P. Dietary magnesium intake in French adult population. In: Theophile T, Anastassopoulou J. Magnesium: current status and new developments: theoretical, biological, and medical aspects. Dordrecht: Kluwer Academic; 1997.
  4. World Health Organization. Calcium and Magnesium in Drinking Water: Public health significance. Geneva: World Health Organization Press; 2009.
  5. Seelig M, Rosanoff A. The Magnesium Factor. New York: Avery; 2003.
  6. The Magnesium Miracle, 2017, By Dr. Carolyn Dean M.D., N.D.
  7. Cohen JS. The Magnesium Solution for Migraine Headaches. New York: Square One Publishers; 2004.
  8. Bohn T. Dietary Factors Influencing Magnesium Absorption in Humans. Current Nutrition & Food Science. 2008;4:53-72.
  9. Wilhelm Jahnen-Dechent  Markus Ketteler. Magnesium basics // Clinical Kidney Journal, V. 5, № 1, 2012, P. 3–14.